Writing An Abstract For Essay, Thesis, And PhD Dissertations

Writing a good abstract is very important and quite basic when you are making your college thesis, PhD dissertation, developing a research paper, and making a dissertation proposal. The Abstract states the goal of the research paper, presents the content, describes the methodology used in the dissertation, and briefly provides information about the type of research paper writing. In addition, the Abstract provides an overview of the argument and also, states a brief description of the findings.


The construct of the Abstract of a research paper should demonstrate a highly organized 250 words minimum paragraph. The paragraph could be short enough to catch the attention of the target reader, but should also be long enough to give out essential information.


Although revisions may be made later when the dissertation writing is complete, Abstracts for the PhD dissertation research paper writing can serve as a guide for the writer during the writing process and guide for the reader on what to expect of the entire dissertation.


Abstract as summary and argument

The abstract represents a very concise, straightforward summary of the major themes of your research paper and thesis. Writing an abstract is similar to writing an outline in a paragraph form.



The technique is to condense your research paper’s main ideas with appropriate intellectual comments. The abstract is usually placed before the table of contents with a running head and a page number.


The abstract of your research paper should reflect the purpose of your research as well as explain the main problem of the research paper, which includes the thesis statement, methodology. It mentions the resources used in the research in a very accurate, brief, simple manner as much as possible.


Remember, that the abstract is just an outline of what your essay is all about so, state your objectives and conclusions briefly and clearly. In writing a research paper, you must be coherent, so as to make the whole paragraph easy to understand.


In research paper writing, the abstract contains a descriptive summary of your problem statement, the significance of the study, research methods, hypothesis, sample design, and the resources selection and validation procedure. It is a panoramic view of your entire research paper’s content that includes a bit of the findings and the conclusion written in a commentary form.



The writing of the abstract is critical in research paper writing because it helps the reader decide whether to continue or stop reading your PhD dissertation. However, your abstract is not included as part of the word count of your research paper.


It is not even counted as a page of your PhD dissertation research paper. You can write an abstract in a short, extended, or long form.


The short form in abstract research paper writing consists of about 100 to 250 words and normally contains the summary of the findings only. The extended form consists of about 500 to 900 words and normally contains a brief summary of the objective of the study, the research method, rationale of the study, recommendations, findings, results, and the materials or resources used.


The long form in abstract research paper writing consists of about 900 to 1,000 words and contains the following

  • Title
  • Name of the student
  • Number of pages
  • Name of the instructor
  • School
  • Year that you expect to graduate
  • Topic
  • Degree conferred
  • Statement of the problem
  • Hypothesis
  • Research design and methods
  • Sample inclusion exclusion criteria
  • Sample design and technique
  • Description of sample subjects
  • Research materials
  • Validation method used for selecting research materials
  • Data collection method
  • Statistical findings
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendation


You are required to provide an accurate, concise, coherent, self-contained, but non-evaluative abstract of your PhD dissertation research paper. The flow of the commentary part of your abstract should sound like an interpretation or opinion, which is the core of your thesis statement.


You can take the opinions coming from your expert authors or resources as absolute proof or supplemental support of your abstract argument.

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