Kidney stones are the hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract, called as nephrolithiasis. They are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys. Even though most kidney stones will pass through the ureter to the bladder on their own with time, you must understand that diet is a major factor in its process of stone formation. Often, the stones form when the urine becomes concentrated, which makes the minerals to crystallize and stick together. Depending on your situation, you may need nothing more than to take pain medication and drink lots of water to pass a kidney stone.
The kidney stones are more common than the gall bladder stones, but the symptoms can be painful. Dehydration from a reduced fluid intake or strenuous exercise without adequate fluid replacement increases the risk of kidney stones. The stones usually cause no permanent damage if recognized in a timely fashion.
A kidney stone may not cause any symptom until it moves around within your kidney or passes into your ureter, which is the tube connecting the kidney and bladder. At that point, you may experience severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs, which radiates to the lower abdomen and groin.
Common causes of kidney stone formation
Too much calcium from food may form calcium phosphate or calcium oxalate kidney stones.
An increased amount of uric acid in the blood and urine can lead to the formation of uric acid kidney stones.
Diabetes and high blood pressure are also associated with an increased risk of developing kidney stones.
Dietary practices may increase the risk of forming kidney stones, such as high intake of animal protein, a high salt diet, excessive sugar consumption, excessive Vitamin D supplementation, and excessive intake of oxalate containing foods.
Some examples of foods that contain oxalate are
Nuts and nut butters
Low amounts of calcium in your diet will increase your chances of forming calcium oxalate kidney stones. On the other hand, too much calcium will also increase your risks. Calcium binds oxalate in the intestines and helps reduce the amount of oxalate being absorbed by your body.
The abdominal, groin, or back pain typically waxes and wanes in severity. Sometimes, it is accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
This may cause a bloody urine, and if there is an infection, may come with fever and chills. You will have difficulty urinating.
Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs
Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin
Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity
Pain on urination
Pink, red or brown urine
Cloudy or foul smelling urine
Nausea and vomiting
Persistent need to urinate
Urinating more often than usual
Fever and chills if an infection is present
Urinating small amounts
Most kidney stones pass through the urinary tract on their own within 48 hours, with ample fluid intake. If they do not pass on their own, and the pain is severe, you should go to the hospital for immediate medical attention.
The type of medication prescribed will depend on the type of stones you usually get. For example, if you get a calcium stone, a uric acid stone, a struvite stones, or a cystine stone.
How to prevent and lose your kidney stones?
Stay hydrated and drink enough water. You are less likely to dissolve the urine salts if you don’t drink enough water.
Eat less sodium. A high salt diet increases your risk. Reduce your intake of processed foods, canned soups, canned vegetables, lunch meat, condiments, foods that contain monosodium glutamate, foods that contain sodium nitrate, and foods that contain sodium bicarbonate or baking soda.
Eat less animal protein, such as beef, poultry, fish, and pork.
Avoid Vitamin C supplements, because the ascorbic acid is known to cause kidney stones, especially in men.
The best home remedy is quite simple. Drink lots of fluids, especially plain water so you urinate more, and help the stone to move and not let it grow. Make sure you keep the stone from growing. Would be much better if you talk to your doctor about your diet.
Once again, what you eat may have cause you your problems. Avoid kidney stones and eat right. Sometimes, the conditions that allow kidney stones to form are created by the way your body absorbs and eliminates calcium and other substances. Many times, it is a combination of factors that create an environment favorable to stone formation. By the way, several studies about colas say it seems to increase the risk of kidney stones, renal failure, and other conditions affecting the kidneys, because of the ability of the cola to pull calcium from the bones, being carbonated and containing high levels of phosphoric acid.