Mesopotamia is the “world’s cradle of civilization”, the home of the kings, the home of the world’s earliest city including the Western civilization, and Abraham’s birthplace. Mesopotamia is popular for its writings and codes for its kings. The early vampires’ descendants came from the sacred race of the Ubaid who settled in Mesopotamia.
The early vampires were the founder of the Anunnaki religion in 3500 B.C. The Anunnaki religion was popular among the Sumerians, who believed that their Transylvanian ancestors were the Anunnaki Gods.
The word vampire came from Seers-Derkesthai, which means watchers. The watchers were originally from Urartu in Armenia. The vampire word does not represent the group’s geographical location, but more on the characteristics of the group such as the spiritual or social identity of the group as perceived by a specific cultural framework.
Vampires in the old days were individuals who belonged from a certain family or group who used the practice credited to the mythological vampires to fulfill social obligations and achieve specific goals associated with their position as leaders.
The vampires belonged to the race of the Scythians, which are distinct Scythian-Celtic society royal caste. They had pale skin, considered as tall, had green eyes, and wore golden red hair. They lived by practicing agriculture.
The Scythians, known by the older generation as people of the powers, settled in the areas of Transylvania, Balkans, Ukraine, Carpathia, Siberia, and the Takla Makan. This dissertation research writing talks about the origin of the Scythians and other races known to be related to Dracula.
The Takla Makan, also known as the Tocharians, spoke a different language. The language was more of a ritual language. The early linguists called the Tocharians as Elves. The Brahmin caste practiced special Tantric rites, where the Tantra and Qabalah came from the philosophy of the Ubaid Druidic group.
The true origins of the vampires were Transylvania and Scythia. Their followers were the goddess, queens, and the kings of the Arya as well as the distinct race of the Elves. They practiced the philosophy based on endocrinology that focused on vampirism.
They believed that consuming female blood and the mumae would increase their enlightened state making it possible to obtain union with their godhead. The sidhe word refers to the powers obtained by these individuals during their elevated state, which was closely associated with vampirism.
The sidhe or the vampirism was the foundation of the Withcraft, Druidism, Qabalism, Rosicrucianism, and the Tantric Kaula cults. The Scythians spread their leadership and wisdom mostly through invitation to prospective tribes across Europe. The leadership included sharing the religious beliefs and the practice of their social structure.
True stories that created the myth
The vampire origin was mainly associated with the Hungarian Kingdom because most of the popular cases of vampirism that occurred during the 18th century happened near the territory of the Hungarian Kingdom. In 1706, Karl Ferdinand Scherz wrote and published the widely read De magia postuma book about vampires that accurately described the Moravian-Hungarian border several vampire cases.
In 1707, the Ruzomberok studied and made a lengthy discussion about the exhuming, beheading, and then burning of corpses practices. In 1709, the Hungarian doctor Samuel Koleseri gave a shocking account about a certain illness that plagues Transylvania.
The shocking story narrated of several corpses dug up by the community and then either beheaded or pierced by a pole. The community believed that the corpses were responsible for the spread of the deadly plague.
In 1718, the strangest story of Kaszparek shocked the town of Lublo, which was located on the Hungarian-Polish border. Kaszparek, a merchant, stole his Polish customer’s fortune. The story narrated that he died shortly after the incident and then came back from the grave to unite with his wife.
The other objective was to frighten the people, which led to panic and series of investigations. The testimonies of the witnesses made the town officials decide to destroy the merchant’s corpse despite the wife’s resistance. The first attempts proved to be unsuccessful. However, in the end of the story, the town people successfully burned the corpse.
In 1720, the reports of the vampire epidemic spread across the areas of northern Hungary and Transylvania.
In 1730, a peasant soldier complained of a Turkish vampire tormenting him. He lived in the village of Medvegia near Belgrade. He attempted to treat his illness, but instead died from an accident. He then became a vampire.
The people exhumed the suspected corpse of Arnold Paul, the soldier, forty days after his death. The people found blood in his veins, which made them decide to destroy his corpse by a pole. The people heard and saw Paul gave a terrifying shriek when they pierced him with a pole.
The people heard other witnesses accounted the same vampire epidemic cases from the same place and from the same relevant period. In 1740’s, vampire cases from Transylvania, Moravia, and Serbia continued to draw public interest.
This part of the dissertation research writing tells about the scientific, religious, and medical studies that were made to solve the vampire epidemic. The increasing vampire cases presented the medical and scientific community a challenging case to make use of their elaborated scientific reasoning.
In 1721, a doctor named Rzaczynski became puzzled over the Polish accounts on vampires in Historia naturalis curiosa regni Poloniae. The testimonies of the witnesses and books written about vampires and vampire cases more or less contained the same kind of stories, including the accounts made by the physicians handling the different cases.
There were similar accounts of uncorrupted or undamaged corpses, the blood characteristics that were found in their veins, and the illnesses brought by the phenomenon of the vampire bites. A vampire who bites or feeds on the blood of the victim makes the victim ill in a gradual manner.
The usual symptoms were fever, pale pallor, digestive problems, and sickness. The victims believed that the use of magical devices or smearing their bodies with blood from suspected vampire corpses exhumed from the cemetery can heal them. However, the Hungarian doctor George Tallar analytically and medically explained the symptoms of the vampire illnesses.
He associated the symptoms with the Orthodox Church diet that normally resulted in varying digestive problems. He decided to heal the vampire symptoms according to his diet theory.
The religious community proved to be harsher in treating the vampire cases symptoms. The serious challenge focused on the Christian dogmas, cults, and blasphemy. The vampire corpse’s characteristics they found, such as resistance to decay and hair and nails that continuously grow present a different light to the religious community.
The context of the undead or decay resistance and growing fingernails associate itself to the concept of resurrection normally attributed to medieval saints, which demonstrated the presence of energy after death and that of beyond death. However, the vampires’ apparitions, miracles or haunting capacity, bloodsucking or sacrificial blood proved to be attributes of the saints.
The Christians believed that bloodsucking is the opposite of the version of Christianity’s holy communion, which mystics claimed as a significant way of taking the body and blood of Christ in its tangible material form. The Bishop of Trani, Giuseppe Davanzati, wrote the same views on his Dissertation about Vampires.
The bishop based his dissertation’s views on the information provided by the Bishop of Moravia, Schrattenbach. Most of the vampire beliefs and occurrences happened only among the uneducated lower class society. This excludes the cultivated scientist and noblemen from believing and witnessing vampire cases and experiences.
It is therefore the duty of the educated to help the ignorant understand the situation as well as rid themselves of the damaging superstitions. Although the explanation was partly social and geographical, Pope Benedict XIV referred the vampire vanity beliefs to his canonization of saints’ treatise in 1752.
Voltaire saw the events as a wonderful and timely opportunity to criticize the vampire beliefs at the same time sarcastically discusses related Christian dogmas about resurrection and miracles. In 1772, Voltaire mocked the vampire stories in his Question sur l”Encyclopedie. The Christian church kept its distance from popular superstitions as well as from the sarcastic criticism of the enlightenment thinkers.
In the early 18th century, Muratori explored his philosophical inquiry on occult, spiritualist, mystical, and the psychic forces of the human fantasy. Although the method was less dogmatic than Voltaire’s method, it is necessary to take into account that the 18th century was the period when mesmerism and hypnotism healing methods received high acceptance by the public. This explains the popularity of the vampires and the witches in the old days.
End of persecutions of suspected witches
Robert Mandrou stated that the persecutions of suspected witches ended because people soon realized that the popular public scandals were demonstrations of the famous diabolical possessions. The Ursuline nuns of London in 1633 and the Louviers in 1643 confirmed the magical phenomenon of diabolical possession when they approached their confessors in their possessed state.
During the Hadsburg Empire in the 18th century, there was an active campaign to stop persecution because of the series of vampire scandals. The new, exciting forms of magic and its power presented the people in that period both potential and realized harm. The realization contributed to the restructuring of beliefs pertaining witchcraft and pushed some reforms about judicial criteria that would lead to persecution of witches.
Bram Stoker and Dracula
Bram Stoker was a writer of short stories and novel with an Irish descent. He became popular with his published Gothic novel in 1897 titled as Dracula. Bram Stoker could be a member of the Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO) or the Golden Dawn.
Bram Stoker was Arthur Machen associate and friend. Arthur Machen was a writer and a Welsh magician who wrote the novels about the Dragon significance and the Twllyth Teg or Fairies of Wales. Stoker was also a friend of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn members Aleister Crowley and MacGregor Mathers.
Machen and his friend Oscar Wilde were also members of the Golden Dawn. Four people left the Golden Dawn and formed themselves another group named OTO. The four were known as the breakaway group of the Golden Dawn.
The founders of the Golden Dawn designed the order to live as a Hermetic society, a school, and the repository of knowledge for magic and occult science. Columbus was one of the founders of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn or HOGD in 1977 in Georgia.
Dr. Israel Regardie was the teacher and guide of the order. The members dedicated themselves to the spiritual, psychic, and the spiritual evolution of man and the world. The design of the system of the Golden Dawn’s magic was to teach the abstract esoteric philosophies and the ceremonial magic applications.
The order’s curriculum speaks of the teachings of the Greek, Gnostic, Egyptian, Rosicrucian, Masonic, and the Judio-Christians. The order dedicated and focused its study to astrology, inner alchemy, Qabalah, divination, Enochian magic, skrying, and the Egyptian magic.
The order maintains several temples worldwide. It is a very private form of order that access to membership is possible only through invitation. It is also a nonprofit organization created to preserve the body of knowledge of the Western Esoteric Tradition or Hermitism. The Golden Dawn was a Hermetic order that later became the OTO.
The OTO was a breakaway group led by Crowley. Crowley personally performed the magic rituals dedicated to the religious rites of the ancient mass of the vampires. The OTO’s English name is the Order of the Oriental Templars, which some people sometimes call as the Order of the Temple of the East.
The order dedicated itself to preserving and securing the freedom of a person to advance in light, wisdom, and knowledge through beauty, wit, and courage for universal goodwill. The OTO maintained several headquarters across the world.
The Euro-Americans were all familiar with the word vampire and its association with the name of the Count Dracula. The Dracula was one of the best selling novels of all time written by Bram Stoker.
The most significant discovery of other authors writing and analyzing Bram Stoker’s Dracula was his unpublished journals and diaries written during the creation of his vampire masterpiece. This implied that the novel was both the works of Stoker’s creative imagination or fiction and extensive research on the Transylvanian vampire.
The results of the research contributed much to the definite and descriptive geographical as well as historical framework of the novel’s settings. The literary world considered Dracula as a classic novel with hundred-year endurance.
Stoker wrote the novel in 1893 and published in 1897. However, almost all stories related to vampire had the same Transylvanian settings. The vampire named Dracula appeared first in the novel written by Bram Stoker.
In this dissertation research writing, we included the famous Bram Stoker Dracula story as this closely relates to the real story of the origin of Dracula. The novel based its main character Dracula from a Romanian prince who did many dreadful things during his lifetime also named Dracula.
The 15th century prince ruled with cruelty on a massive scale that he became a subject of horror stories even while he was still living. His reputation spread across the Western countries that generations of homemakers or mothers often scared their naughty children by the mere mention of his name.
The peasants living near the castle of Dracula knew the castle as the Vlad Tepes castle. The other popular name of Vlad Tepes was Vlad the Impaler but he assumed the name of Dracula during his reign in the 15th century. In fact, he signed his documents by the name of Dracula. However, the peasants were unaware of this fact.
Vlad Tepes, Dracula, came from Transylvania. He was born and raised in Transylvania. He was born in Transylvania in 1431. His mother was Princess Cneajn. Dracula spent his childhood in a Germanic environment where his father defended Transylvania against the Turks.
His father was an authority over the local towns of the Germans. The authority came from the Luxembourg’s Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund and wife Barbara Von Cilli. Dracul made an allegiance with the Turks in his feeble attempt to save his people. However the Turks, suspected the Roman prince’ true allegiance and loyalty. Sultan Murad II bound Dracul in iron chains.
Dracul regained his throne by renewing his allegiance to Murad II. He further proved his loyalty by leaving his two boys Dracula and Radu as the sultan’s hostages. Dracula was a captive of the Turkish until 1448 while Radu stayed with Murad II as the sultan’s ally.
Radu easily submitted to his jailors indoctrination techniques. Dracula showed clues to his perverse personality and shifty nature during his imprisonment. His experience made him regard life as cheap that also made him hold a very low esteem about human nature.
He did not see the value of morality as important when running matters of the state. Dracula spoke the Turkish language like a native. The Turkish also exposed him to the harem way of obtaining pleasure. He completed his studies and training with the Turkish in pure Byzantine cynicism.
He learned and gained the reputation for insubordination, brutality, trickery, and cunning thoughts. He also frightened his own guards. Dracula deliberately developed his untrusting nature and trait from captivity.
He could never get himself to trust again any man or Turk. He also developed a strong yearning and thirst for revenge. He would never forgive and forget anybody who crossed him, which became a Dracula’s family trait.
John Hunyadi ordered Dracul’s death in 1447. He was angered by his pro-Turkish policies. The design of the pro-Turkish policies was to save his sons from possible reprisal or death under their Turkish jailors. The political enemies of Dracul’s son in Tirgoviste killed Mircea, the eldest son of Dracul.
The enemies blinded him first with hot iron stakes and then buried him alive to die. The brutal deaths gave Dracula a profound impression. Nonetheless, the Hunyadis bore the Draculas deep hatred, which the assassination of Mircea and Dracul completely satisfied.
After his capture with the Turks, Dracula went to his cousin in Moldavia, and then back to Hunyadi’s power in Transylvania. Dracula ruled the southern Romania. He was so brutal during his rule that he became the mass murderer of his enemies, but he always loved Transylvania and favored his homeland.
In 1976, Nicolae Ceausesco, a Romanian dictator, issued a portrait of Dracula in a commemorative postage stamp as a national hero. He shared Dracula’s character traits and rationalized his cruelties while revolutionaries portrayed him as a vampire literally caricatured with fangs. Dracula in reality was an authentic Wallachian prince of the 15th century.
The Byzantine, Germans, Turkish, and Slavonic documents as well as olden times horror stories presented him as a demented cruel ruler because of the amount of blood he spilled from infidel Turks. However, he could be a hero among the Germans, Hungarians, Romanians, and other Christians of his time. He gained the reputation of the Impaler because his favorite sentencing methods were all kinds of physical and mental torture.
His methods could easily level him with Jack the Ripper based from the number of victims and refinement of imposed cruelty. His deeds received wide publication. In most instances, his potential victims came to know his practices and cruelty.
The name of Dracula’s father was Dracul with the same given name as Vlad. There were multiple variations of the names Dracul and Dracula across different languages such as Dracole, Draculya, Tracol, Draculios, and Dracula. The Dracul name meant dragon and evil. In 1431, Dracul received the Order of the Dragon dedicated to fight Turk infidels by Sigismund, a holy Roman emperor.
The sign of the dragon made the peasants think he was in alliance with the devil. The meaning of the name Dracula was the son of the dragon or devil. The words dragon and devil in the Romanian context may be the main reason why Dracula became associated with the practice of vampirism.
During the century of violence, both lived violent lifestyles. Looking at the life and history of Dracula, he was simply a man unfortunately connected with the devil because of his ancestral blood ties with the Szekelys and the Berserkers.
The Szekelys came from the generation of Scythian witches who mated with the devils. The Berserkers came from the Ugric tribes in Iceland. Dracula was a model of a dragon and a devil in many ways. The presentation of the death, immortality, and the sacred differences clearly explained the responses and perceptions of the characters in the novel.
The mortal’s perceived their indifference to the physical and spiritual sacred qualities of the vampire as a threat and highly potential risks to life. Dracula was a model of the possibility for human to beastlike transformation when humanity don’t take their faith in God seriously.
The foundation of religious faith was not solid during the 19th century and even before that period. The people were just not prepared to face their spiritual crisis and turn to traditional religious beliefs. This dissertation research writing emphasizes the importance of discussing the characters of Dracula.
The characters of Dracula drew some people to form a group and develop occult practices and theories in an effort to reestablish and recreate their own values and sacred brands based on their existing economical, political, and social conditions. The society successfully reestablished the old world of vampires as a threat and successfully staged several vampire accounts or cases.
The society struggled with the ontological truths and mystery of the context of vampirism. In the end, they overcame their ordeal through faith, even though vampirism was also in a way a form of historically structured sacredness.
How do you define a vampire?
In this dissertation research writing, vampires are defined as creatures that exist by feeding from the life essence of human beings or other forms of living creatures. Sucking of the blood is the usual form of feeding that these vampires practice.
They manage to co-exist with man, but feed mostly on living human beings or other creatures. The human population, regardless of culture, sees the feeding practice as a sadistic habit to create fear and havoc among the living. Vampires display similar characteristics across culture.
One of their most dominant characteristics is their preference to sleep in their homeland’s soil. People believe that they cannot survive exposure to sunlight. Sunlight makes them weak and less powerful.
The people’s perceptions about vampire characteristics
People believed that vampires have the power and the ability to change shape. This power or shape shifting makes it possible for them to travel across space without limitations or boundaries in great speed. However, these night creatures have the strangest difficulty crossing over bodies of water.
Vampires other common characteristics relate to its behavioral pattern such as smell like dirt or death, comes out after sunset, sleep on daylight, feed on human blood, and give a controlling or weakening effect over a person. In other words, the night bloodsucking creature thrives off from other people’s life resources to the point of killing for his own survival and benefit.
People directly link vampire bats as one of the night creature’s most favorite form of shape shifting because of its ability to fly and travel. A person working on the list of vampire characteristics and traits will learn to fear the vampire presence. Definitely, vampires do not have any reflection on the mirror.
The physical attributes given to vampires by people in the old times are rancid breath, sharp teeth, long and dirty fingernails, long hair, and eyes that blazed with a supernatural red color. The vampire’s long fingernails keep on growing too. These characteristics are dominant for vampires who tend to stay for the most part of their time in coffins.
Victims who survived vampire attacks claimed that the creature shifted to another form during or sometimes before the attack. This ability to change from immaterial to material form makes capturing or killing a vampire difficult for vampire hunters.
Some vampires demonstrate phantom like characteristics. This type of vampire appears to human civilization looking just like the deceased neighbor of the villagers. The vampire would assume the personality of an individual who is familiar to the villagers.
Although the resemblance of the deceased individual varies from different accounts, the night creature always assumes a dark form. However, the victim may clearly see the facial features a few seconds before the attack. Other people claimed that victims could immediately notice the phantom like vampire even in its transparent form.
This vampire loves to feed on the blood of the victims while they are sleeping and attacks them right in their bedrooms. Reports from modern day incidents state that victims cannot or sometimes find it difficult to see or recognize this phantom-like vampire.
Most of the victims who were able to survive the attack reported only seeing the attacker’s blazing red eyes. The phantom-like vampires most documented attribute is its power to drain vitality, blood or energy, from its victim. Vitality drain is through the process of psychic energy, which can also cause paralysis.
People suspect that vampires have the ability to suck blood in an unknown immaterial form as evidenced by some victims’ scratches or bite marks on their bodies. Phantom vampires immediately fly away after feeding on their victim’s blood. Most phantom vampires have the ability to fly or pass through walls.
Vampires, as discovered in this dissertation research writing, have this most interesting ability to float or come out of the coffin by simply moving its astral body without even touching the soil or the floor. The people in the old days reported a bloated looking vampire, which is far different from the thin vampires portrayed in the movies.
It was their belief that the creature’s bloated appearance was the outcome of their blood feeding activity. This spectral type of creature feed on blood, energy, or both blood and energy at night and then infuse the energy to their corpses. The primary powers of vampires are its ability to live by feeding from human blood and the great strength of the undead.
The vampire’s reputation for great strength makes it impossible for victims to wrestle off with the attacking vampire even while it is feeding from the victim’s blood. Spectral vampires can levitate, fly, or assume a noncorporeal form. In most vampire attacks, the night creature first hovers over the heads of their victims to frighten them before lowering themselves for the attack.
The vampire’s most interesting secondary power is its ability to have sexual relations with the humans. Although this idea is not desirable, they do have succubus or incubus powers to perform sex or pleasure with humans. The children born from this union will possess the unusual characteristics of being able to know any presence made by any undead.
Another interesting attribute is the vampire’s ability to live a mortal life again. The Malaysian female vampire langsuir could be freed from its curse and live a normal life again.
Types of vampires
There are at least four types of vampires namely the immortal blood drinkers, the mortal blood drinkers, the unintentional psychic vampires, and the intentional psychic vampires. The immortal blood drinkers normally have the attributes of the physical vampire.
The mortal blood drinkers need to drink the blood of the living for a variety of personal or religious reasons. The reasons could range from insanity in its simplest form of beliefs about blood and its power. Unintentional psychic vampires unconsciously feed on other people’s psychic energy.
This type of vampire needs to survive some form of illness by feeding on the psychic energy of other people. Most of the time, this illness occurs as people age. The illness depletes an individual from its youth, which makes the idea of feeding from younger victims necessary to sustain vitality.
This explains the reason why this type of vampire is often older than the victim’s age. Unintentional psychic vampires could be highly dangerous because they have the ability to feed without making the victim aware they are feeding on them. The intentional psychic vampires are difficult to destroy by even a cross or a wooden stake.
They start their attacks by draining their victims first out of their psychic energy. They also have the ability to project their selves in an astral manner and then feed from the sleeping victim’s energy. People simply described them as earthbound entities that feed and absorb the psychic energy of victims to survive and prevent their bodies from decomposing.
Killing a vampire
Vampire hunters kill vampires using a wooden stake or fire. People first dug their graves, looked at the blood present in their veins, beheaded them, pierced them with a pole or wooden stake, and then burned their bodies.
Confirming vampire’s Identity
People cannot prove the assumed familiar identities of the phantom vampire. They dug old dead villagers’ graves that they believed belonged to the undead.
Suspected bodies appeared like the physical attributes of the spectral vampire. The exhumed bodies looked bloated, but somewhat fresh and ruddy even a few months after the burial.
Thoughts from the Author
Does man make man a beast? Could you blame someone to assume the person and personality of what man made him? Vlad Tepes showed us once again what anyone could do and become when being pushed to the limits. Is life all about being harshed to other people? How do you relate this story to the present world? Is there any difference with how man could create a monster in man? Watch, sympathize, learn, and feel. Religion could also become a monster if you let it rule over you and let it own you. It is not the faith, but the people who tries to control what is beyond faith that sometimes caused the upheavel.
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